Tuesday, November 21, 2017

Abstract-Plasmon induced transparency in graphene based terahertz metamaterials

Plasmon induced transparency (PIT) effect in a terahertz graphene metamaterial is numerically and theoretically analyzed. The proposed metamaterial comprises of a pair of graphene split ring resonators placed alternately on both sides of a graphene strip of nanometer scale. The PIT effect in the graphene metamaterial is studied for different vertical and horizontal configurations. Our results reveal that there is no PIT effect in the graphene metamaterial when the centers of both the split ring resonators and the graphene strip are collinear to each other. This is a noteworthy feature, as the PIT effect does not vanish for similar configuration in a metal-based metamaterial structure. We have further shown that the PIT effect can be tuned by varying the Fermi energy of graphene layer. A theoretical model using the three level plasmonic system is established in order to validate the numerical results. Our studies could be significant in designing graphene based frequency agile ultra-thin devices for terahertz applications.

Abstract-A non-destructive method for quality control of the pellet distribution within a MUPS tablet by terahertz pulsed imaging

Anna Novikova, Daniel Markl, J. Axel Zeitler, Thomas Rades, Claudia S.Leopold


Terahertz pulsed imaging (TPI) was applied to analyse the inner structure of multiple unit pellet system (MUPS) tablets. MUPS tablets containing different amounts of theophylline pellets coated with Eudragit® NE 30 D and with microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) as cushioning agent were analysed. The tablets were imaged by TPI and the results were compared to X-ray microtomography. The terahertz pulse beam propagates through the tablets and is back-reflected at the interface between the MCC matrix and the coated pellets within the tablet causing a peak in the terahertz waveform. Cross-section images of the tablets were extracted at different depths and parallel to the tablet faces from 3D terahertz data to visualise the surface-near structure of the MUPS tablets. The images of the surface-near structure of the MUPS tablets were compared to X-ray microtomography images at the same depths. The surface-near structure could be clearly resolved by TPI at depths between 24 and 152 μm below the tablet surface. An increasing amount of pellets within the MUPS tablets appears to slightly decrease the detectability of the pellets within the tablets by TPI. TPI was shown to be a non-destructive method for the detection of pellets within the tablets and could resolve structures thicker than 30 μm. In conclusion, a proof-of-concept was provided for TPI as a method of quality control for MUPS tablets.

Abstract-Focusing light with orbital angular momentum by circular array antenna

Takashi Arikawa, Shohei Morimoto, and Koichiro Tanaka


We experimentally demonstrated focusing of light with orbital angular momentum (OAM) using an 8-element circular array of linear antennas. A spiral phase plate was used to generate a vortex beam with an OAM of ħ in the terahertz (THz) frequency region. We used THz near-field microscope to directly measure the phase vortex. A beam profile with a center dark spot and 2π phase rotation was observed in the small center gap region of the circular array antenna after the vortex beam excitation. The beam size is reduced by a factor of 3.4 ± 0.2. Half-wave resonance of the antenna element is responsible for the focusing function, indicating the scalability of this method to other frequency regions. This method will enable deep subwavelength focusing of light with OAM and eliminate the obstacle for the observation of the dipole forbidden transition with finite OAM of the vortex beam.
© 2017 Optical Society of America

Monday, November 20, 2017

Abstract-A split-ring-resonator-based polarization-insensitive ultra broadband filter in terahertz range

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Mei Zhu


Split-ring-resonators (SRRs) are one of the most common unit cell designs for metamaterials. Though extensively studied and well understood, such devices are often used as narrow-band filters due to SRRs' sharp resonance to electromagnetic wave. In this work, based on the idea of patterning metal SRRs on both sides of a dielectric substrate while rotating patterns on one side 90o to the other, we show that simple circular SRR can be a building block for broadband filters in terahertz (THz) range. The design principle is detailed with simulation results, showing that such fabricated devices essentially equates to two narrow-band filters on both sides of the substrate connected in series. By changing the unit cell from single SRR to double SRR, we effectively expanded the stop band width of the broadband filter. Devices were created on two types of substrates, 1 mm thick quartz and 100 µm thick polyethylene terephthalate (PET), demonstrating the ease and wide applicability of the fabrication process, while a bandwidth of as large as 1.40 THz has been achieved.

Abstract-Spontaneous emission in plasmonic graphene subwavelength wires of arbitrary sections

Mauro Cuevas


We present a theoretical study of the spontaneous emission of a line dipole source embedded in a graphene–coated subwavelength wire of arbitrary shape. The modification of the emission and the radiation efficiencies are calculated by means of a rigorous electromagnetic method based on Green’s second identity. Enhancement of these efficiencies is observed when the emission frequency coincides with one of the plasmonic resonance frequencies of the wire. The relevance of the dipole emitter position and the dipole moment orientation are evaluated. We present calculations of the near–field distribution for different frequencies which reveal the multipolar order of the plasmonic resonances.